Integrating wind energy into the Turkish power grid

2014-09-04 - ABB to supply electrification systems to five wind farms across Turkey to help increase wind-generated electricity in energy mix
Energy consumption in Turkey has grown by an average of six percent annually during the past ten years and presently totals about 245 TWh (terawatt-hours). The country’s power sector has an electricity generation capacity of 64,000 MW, with hydroelectric power plants contributing 35 percent, followed by natural gas, coal-fired and other plants with 32, 19 and 10 percent, respectively. The present installed wind power capacity amounts to 4 percent, and shall be increased to as much as 20,000 MW by the end of 2023 in accordance with the country’s strategic plans.

Borusan EnBW Energy Investments and Production A.S has commissioned the construction of five wind farms across Turkey, which, once operational, will increase the wind installed capacity of the company to 317 MW. ABB has been awarded the contract to supply the electrification systems for the wind farms.

The contract includes electrification of three new 50 MW (megawatt), one 30 MW wind energy power plants (WEPPs) and 27 MW the extension of an existing plant. The new wind farms will be located at Mut in southern Turkey, Fuat near Izmir, and at Koru in Çanakkale and Harmanlık in Bursa. The existing 60 MW Bandirma wind energy plant, also located in northern Turkey, will be extended by 27 megawatts (MW). All of the projects are scheduled to be completed in 2015.

As part of the turnkey contract, ABB will design, supply, install and commission four new 154 kV substations to integrate the wind farms to the national power grid and also build medium-voltage (MV) collection systems for the new wind turbines. Key products to be supplied include circuit breakers, surge protectors, medium voltage switchgear and cables, auxiliary service transformers as well as IEC 61850 compliant protection, automation and telecommunication systems.

“These substations will enable the integration and transmission of clean wind energy to serve growing electricity needs in the region and increase the share of renewables in the energy mix,” said Oleg Aleinikov, head of ABB’s substation business, part of the Power Systems division. ”They will also help to improve the reliability and efficiency of the grid.”

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