Silicon Valley, home of high-tech, and one of the world's top research and development centers, has seen its fair share of expansion. And while the rate of growth in the San Francisco Bay Area, of which the Valley forms the southern part, is anticipated to be slower than in the 1970s and 1980s, it's still expected to see a population increase of 30 percent by 2040.
With growth comes a greater demand for basic resources like water. In fact, demand is rising on a global scale: for example, since 1950 the need for this resource has tripled and it will double again by 2050. The prevalence of drought in California -- where the period between late 2011 and 2014 was the driest since recordkeeping began -- also underlines the need for effective water management. Additionally, peaking factors, the ratio of wet weather to dry weather flows, were taken into consideration when projecting and planning future wastewater flows into the plant.